Migrating from StaticMatic to MiddlemanApril 22, 2012, revised May 10, 2012 in Software
One of my sites (krasotki.dp.ua, which is in Russian - sorry) is (was) built around Staticmatic, which is (again, was) a convenient tool to make static sites with modern-day conveniences such as partials, helpers, and using a templating language such as Haml.
Anyways, Staticmatic was getting kind of old – the latest version has been released a year and a half ago – and I set out on a search for a better static site generator. Jekyll – the popular choice – has a very strong inclination towards blogs and while it’s possible to do a non-blog site using Jekyll, it still feels unnatural.
Middleman is a modern and well-designed static site generator which borrows many conventions from Rails.
What I liked about Middleman is that all the hacks I’ve been piling up on top of Staticmatic are already built in: a Yaml-based sort-of-database – some data is far easier to edit in Yaml than in page source, custom build steps – I’ve been using those to generate a PDF version of the schedule, built-in Sass compilation and so forth.
Porting a site from Staticmatic to Middleman
Install gem (
gem install middleman).
Create a new catalog, then run
middleman initthere; this will create the scaffolding. Immediately purge the
sourcecatalog – we’ll be filling that one manually.
The main difference between Middleman’s and Staticmatic’s directory layout is that Middleman puts the entire site into the
source directory, instead of splitting it up into
partials, etc. Thus we combine various subdirectories of
src from the old app into source:
sitecontents (images, stylesheets, static files) are copied over directly to
src/pages– copy to
src/partials– copy to
source, add underscore before name (
src/layouts– also copy to
source; the default layout, called
default.hamlin Staticmatic, is now called
Middleman uses Rails-style view helpers, and Staticmatic uses custom ones. This means you’ll have to fix your views manually, replacing
image_tag, and so on. Here’s a list of StaticMatic helpers and here are Middleman helpers.
If that’s too boring for you, you can define a custom compatibility layer, implementing Staticmatic helpers with Middleman helpers. I bet this will take more time than a search-and-replace.
src/helpers should be moved to
lib in the new app, plus you’ll need to explicitly mention them in
require './lib/foo_helper' helpers FooHelper
I suggest deleting everything from the old Staticmatic directory, and moving over the newly ported application there. If you’re using version control, that is, and if you’re not, switching engines is a very appropriate time to start.
Bonus: deploying Middleman with Capistrano
Protip: though Capistrano creates
config/deploy.rb when you run
capify, you don’t need it. Capistrano works perfectly fine with a single
Capfile containing the entire deployment configuration.
So create a
Capfile in the app’s root and put this code inside:
load 'deploy' if respond_to?(:namespace) # cap2 differentiator set :application, "YOUR_APP_NAME" set :deploy_to, "/PATH/TO/APP/ON/SERVER" set :deploy_via, :copy set :repository, "build" set :scm, :none set :copy_compression, :gzip set :use_sudo, false set :domain, 'YOUR_APP_DOMAIN' set :user, 'YOUR_DEPLOY_USER' role :web, 'YOUR_APP_DOMAIN' before 'deploy:update_code' do run_locally 'rm -rf build/*' run_locally 'middleman build' end
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